The Treble Clef Sharp Keys We have a total of seven sharp keys in treble clef. Key Signatures Below is a chart of all twelve 12 key signatures with proper placement of sharps and flats b in each clef. The notes move forward every five notes through the musical alphabet. The circle of fifths The circle of fifths is an illustration that has been used in music theory pedagogy for hundreds of years. These are the Treble Clef, Alto Clef, Tenor Clef and Bass Clef. For instance if the key is C major, lower C by three half steps. In reality, any note could occur in multiple octaves ie.
In that lesson we learned that the major scale pattern consists of a specific layout of half steps shortest distance possible and whole steps equal to two whole steps. The Minor Key is shown above the Tenor Clef. Music written in minor keys often sound sad while those in major keys sound happier. The bass clef key signatures can also be divided into two groups; the sharp keys and the flat keys. It has already been established that the first note is called the tonic.
Example: The last sharp of B major is A sharp, which is 1 half step down from B. Many of us are isolated or unable to afford music lessons. Example: When the flats are B flat, E flat, A flat and D flat, the key is A flat. D-flat major scale has 5 flats No. Most of these clefs have become obsolete, but one of these, the alto clef, is still used by one instrument - the viola.
Reading backwards: B attle , E nds , A nd , D own. The alto clef The alto clef is a type of C clef. This is our sequence of sharps. Here are the positions of the sharps and flats in each of the key signatures you need to know for this grade: It's not very difficult to learn these. So how do you remember key signatures? In fact, for each major key signature, there is a corresponding minor key that shares its signature.
And E is the relative minor of G major. D-flat major scale has 5 flats No. Identify it by name, and decide whether it's above or below middle C. I guess because we tend to use the treble clef more, it's easier. For example, on the treble clef, note E 2nd note shown occupies the 1st space from the top, whereas on the bass clef, the same note is the 2nd space from the top. The specific note positions used to identify each note A. If a composition is based on the notes of an , it is in the key of E flat major.
If the key is D major, three half steps lower takes us to the relative minor key, B minor. Unfortunately, there are a lot of those and it is so important for everyone to know the truth. The D-flat major scale has 5 flats. C Clef: The last clef I'll throw at you is the C clef. The viola uses the alto clef, so that the notes it uses can be written with a minimum of ledger lines.
So once we know what the major keys are, we simply have to move the whole pattern down 3 half steps. This is to reflect the fact that all note positions on the bass clef are one line or space lower than the treble clef. By counting 5 up every time, on the sharp side we get these major keys: C, G, D, A, E, B, F sharp and C sharp. Here's a hand-drawn alto clef: You need to draw one vertical line, then another with two arms. Grade 4 Music Theory Lesson 11: Clefs By now you should already know about two clefs - the treble clef and the bass clef. Music key signatures are sharps and flats immediately following the clef sign. For example, counting 3 half steps down from E major should get us to C sharp and not D flat.
The most common key signatures in beginning ensembles are: Instrument Most Common Key Signatures C instruments: flute, oboe, bassoon, trombone, baritone, tuba, mallets, timpani, piano, violin, cello, bass, guitar F, Bb, Eb, and Ab Bb instruments: clarinet, trumpet, tenor saxophone G, C, F, and Bb Eb instruments: alto and baritone saxophone D, G, C, and F F instruments: French horn C, F, Bb, and Eb Flats The order of flats in a key signature is always the same: B E A D G C F. Only the names of the individual notes are different. Key Signatures Sharps or flats stated right after the clef are called key signatures. It is the easiest key of all with no flats or sharps in the key signature. How do I work out a minor key from a key signature? Accidentals just need to be copied over - they won't change at all. Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.
Repeat the process to find the next flat: E- F- G- A , so the next flat is Ab , and so on. In other words, E major and C sharp minor have the same key signature that of 4 sharps. For example, if a piece of music has a key signature of G major which has one sharp , then every time there is an F written in the music, it should be played as F sharp. The alto clef looks like this: It's quite fancy, isn't it! For instance, E flat major has three flats. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons - :Bratsche.